The electronic cigarette
would promote smoking among young people, confirms a report of the American
Academies of Sciences and Medicine published
Tuesday. After analyzing more than
800 scientific studies, the expert panel concluded that nicotine in
electronic cigarettes can create addiction in young people, which
predisposes them to smoke tobacco.
In this report,
the panel of experts indicates however that the vaping is much less
harmful than the conventional cigarette. It points out that liquids
contain significantly fewer toxic and carcinogenic substances than
tobacco. The e-cigarette is also an
effective weaning tool
for adults .
Faced with this paradox,
academics believe that "at this stage, it is unclear whether
e-cigarettes have a positive or negative impact on public health". "E-cigarettes can not
simply be considered beneficial or harmful," said David Eaton, Dean of
the University of Washington and Chair of the Editorial Board of the
report commissioned by Congress in 2016. In some circumstances, the
adverse effects of e-cigarettes on the health of adolescents and young
adults who smoke no tobacco are certainly worthy of concern. " Experts point to an
exacerbation of asthma and the appearance of coughing and wheezing
among e-cigarette users.
According to the report,
millions of Americans are vaping, especially young adults. In high school, more than
one in ten students confide in having used a vaping machine in the last
month, or 1.7 million teenagers.
For the experts, new
studies are needed to evaluate the benefit / risk balance of the vaping
machine, but also to define the short and long term effects of this use. They stress that some
harmful effects could be observed in more than twenty years. In the meantime, they
consider that the use of e-cigarettes among young people should be
discouraged and stronger restrictions put in place.