Electronic cigarette: a gateway to smoking for young people

The American Academies of Sciences and Medicine indicate that vaping promotes adolescent smoking but helps adults quit smoking.

The electronic cigarette would promote smoking among young people, confirms a report of the American Academies of Sciences and Medicine published Tuesday. After analyzing more than 800 scientific studies, the expert panel concluded that nicotine in electronic cigarettes can create addiction in young people, which predisposes them to smoke tobacco.

In this report,  the panel of experts indicates however that the vaping is much less harmful than the conventional cigarette. It points out that liquids contain significantly fewer toxic and carcinogenic substances than tobacco. The e-cigarette is also an effective weaning tool for adults .

Faced with this paradox, academics believe that "at this stage, it is unclear whether e-cigarettes have a positive or negative impact on public health". "E-cigarettes can not simply be considered beneficial or harmful," said David Eaton, Dean of the University of Washington and Chair of the Editorial Board of the report commissioned by Congress in 2016. In some circumstances, the adverse effects of e-cigarettes on the health of adolescents and young adults who smoke no tobacco are certainly worthy of concern. " Experts point to an exacerbation of asthma and the appearance of coughing and wheezing among e-cigarette users.

According to the report, millions of Americans are vaping, especially young adults. In high school, more than one in ten students confide in having used a vaping machine in the last month, or 1.7 million teenagers. 

For the experts, new studies are needed to evaluate the benefit / risk balance of the vaping machine, but also to define the short and long term effects of this use. They stress that some harmful effects could be observed in more than twenty years. In the meantime, they consider that the use of e-cigarettes among young people should be discouraged and stronger restrictions put in place.

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The American Academies of Sciences and Medicine indicate that vaping promotes adolescent smoking but helps adults quit smoking.